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Задания 16. Структурно-смысловые связи в тексте

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1
Задание 16 № 70

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

If you find that you are hungry, you can stop and 16 ______ a tasty break at one of Gorky Park’s many cafés.

1) comfortable

2) cultural

3) enjoy

4) play

5) popular

6) see

7) spend

8) take


Gorky Park

Gorky Park is a bright spot on the entertainment map of modern Moscow. It is one of the most interesting places to 13 ______ your leisure time. There are bike rental stations, a 14 ______ business area with Wi-Fi, an outdoor movie theatre in Gorky Park.

There are also several different sports options in the indoor sports centre or on the park’s grounds: you can 15 ______ volleyball, handball, football and hockey or go jogging, or cycling around the park. If you find that you are hungry, you can stop and 16 ______ a tasty break at one of Gorky Park’s many cafés. Many 17 ______ events such as exhibitions, Christmas and Easter fairs, concerts, theatre shows and environmental and charity events take place in Gorky Park. These events have become 18 ______ very among Moscow citizens.


2
Задание 16 № 514

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

It was too 16 ______ away for the telescopes of that time to find it.

 

1) discovered

2) long

3) launched

4) solved

5) solar

6) existed

7) suggested

8) far


Pluto

The ninth planet of the solar system was 13 ______ not long ago. It happened in 1930. Scientists had been hunting for the planet for a 14 ______time. They had calculated its probable position but there was no proof that the planet really 15 ______. It was too 16 ______ away for the telescopes of that time to find it. It’s worth mentioning that the first photos of the planet were taken by a very young researcher. He was only twenty-four and had no formal education in astronomy. However, he was deeply involved in the search for the ninth planet. The planet at the edge of the 17 ______ system was called Pluto, after the Roman god. The name for the planet was 18 ______ by an 11-year-old British girl.


3
Задание 16 № 520

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

It is safe and can successfully 16______ areas of bad weather.

 

1) fly

2) electricity

3) near

4) used

5) cross

6) fast

7) come

8) explore


Alternative power

Nowadays solar energy is widely 13 ______ as an alternative form of power. Solar panels transform the energy from the sun into 14 ______. The first plane that does not need fuel was constructed in France, in 2015. It uses only the sun's energy. The panels are placed on the huge wings of the plane. It doesn’t fly very 15 ______. Solar energy can make the plane move at only 140 miles an hour. However, the plane is able to travel round the world. It is safe and can successfully 16______ areas of bad weather. In the future, engineers hope to construct a model that people can 17 ______ in. Our dream of environmentally friendly transport may 18 ______ true very soon. Would you like to take a flight on the solar plane?


4
Задание 16 № 526

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

For example, the people of 16______ Egypt used salt, mint, dried flowers and pepper to create tooth powder.

 

1) suitable

2) clean

3) appeared

4) ancient

5) replaced

6) different

7) designed

8) started


Paste

We are always told that we should 13 ______ our teeth regularly to keep them healthy and to have fresh breath. It is believed that people 14 ______ using a kind of paste to clean their teeth around 5000 years ago. However, the ingredients of these tooth powders were very 15 ______ from ours. For example, the people of 16 ______ Egypt used salt, mint, dried flowers and pepper to create tooth powder. Later, in the 18th century, in some countries in Europe, people brushed their teeth with burnt bread. The first toothpaste 17 ______ in 1890, in Great Britain. At first it was sold in jars. Then special tubes were 18 ______ to make the toothpaste more comfortable to use.


5
Задание 16 № 532

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

In the summer, the rays 16 ______ the Earth almost at a right angle.

 

1) changes

2) reach

3) enough

4) replaced

5) serious

6) farther

7) hot

8) suggest


Temperature

Do you know why it is 13 ______ in the summer and cold in the winter? Most people believe that it is because the Earth is closer to the Sun in the summer and 14 ______ from it in the winter. But it is not like this at all! In fact, the distance between the Earth and the Sun is largest in July and smallest in January! Scientists 15 ______ that the reason for different summer and winter temperatures is the angle of the Sun’s rays. In the summer, the rays 16 ______ the Earth almost at a right angle. Due to this, the rays are not spread out and a smaller area of the planet's surface gets the energy. In the winter, the angle 17 ______ and the Sun’s rays are spread out over a larger area. Besides this, the long nights and short days do not give 18 ______ time for the land to warm up.


6
Задание 16 № 538

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

They usually work faster and more 16 ______ than people.

 

1) visit

2) different

3) appeared

4) tired

5) become

6) computer

7) accurately

8) called


A robot

A robot is a machine that does work for people. The word ‘robot’ 13 ______ in the 1920s and it was first used in a science fiction story. In real life, the robot was invented later, in 1954. There are different kinds of robots which are used in 14 ______ industries. Most of them are operated with the help of a 15 ______ program. Instead of humans, robots do hard and boring work in unpleasant or dangerous environments. They usually work faster and more 16 ______ than people. They never get 17 ______ and do not make mistakes. Nowadays robots are often used for domestic needs – to clean houses or to look after sick and elderly people. Scientists say that soon robots will 18 ______ a normal part of our life, like mobiles and computers today.


7
Задание 16 № 544

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

The refrigerator, 16 ______ to the one that we have now, was produced by General Electric in 1911, in France.

 

1) expensive

2) wooden

3) see

4) expensive

5) imagine

6) keep

7) buy

8) similar


Refrigerator

Nowadays people can’t 13 ______ their kitchen without a refrigerator. The first refrigerators appeared at the end of the 18th century. They looked different: they were just iceboxes. The refrigerators of the past were just 14 ______ boxes, sometimes lined inside with metal. People put ice into the box and then placed the food inside to 15 ______ it cool. The refrigerator, 16 ______ to the one that we have now, was produced by General Electric in 1911, in France. It was very 17 ______. In those days, with the same money you could 18 ______ two cars. Today, in developed countries almost every family has enough money to buy a refrigerator for their kitchen. It’s hard to imagine how difficult and uncomfortable our lives would be without a refrigerator.


8
Задание 16 № 549

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

In the past, many people 16 ______ that the Earth was the centre of the universe.

 

1) visit

2) tried

3) believed

4) round

5) enough

6) knows

7) farther

8) seems


The Sun

Without the energy from the Sun, the Earth would have no life at all. Nowadays everyone 13 ______ that the Sun is a star. Like all stars, the Sun is a great burning ball of gases. To us, it 14 ______ large and red. The other stars look white or light blue because they are much 15 ______ from us than the Sun. In the past, many people 16 ______ that the Earth was the centre of the universe. They thought that the Sun and the stars went 17 ______ it. Only in 1543, a great Polish scientist published a book in which he 18 ______ to prove a different point of view. According to him, the Earth and the other planets moved round the Sun. Those people who supported the scientist were often imprisoned and even killed.


9
Задание 16 № 550

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

Dutch farmers 16 ______ orange carrots because orange is the colour of the Dutch Royal Family.

 

1) selected

2) root

3) tasted

4) boiled

5) eastern

6) natural

7) widely

8) brightest


The carrot

The carrot is a 13 ______ vegetable which consists mostly of water and sugar. The carrots that we eat today originated from the wild ones which grew in Europe and Asia. The vegetable 14 ______ sweet and the people began to use it as food.

There are two main types of carrots. There are 15 ______ carrots that have dark purple roots and western carrots with orange roots. In fact, orange carrots first appeared in Europe in 1721. Dutch farmers 16 ______ orange carrots because orange is the colour of the Dutch Royal Family. Now orange carrots are 17 ______ grown all over the world. In modern households carrots are cooked and eaten in different ways. The vegetable is 18 ______ , fried, baked and eaten raw. People also make juice from it.


10
Задание 16 № 562

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

People living in the areas the trains travel through suffer from the noise 16 ______ . For the passengers, the situation is different.

 

1) made

2) common

3) loud

4) cover

5) greatly

6) make

7) thin

8) unofficial


High-speed trains

Since 2007 high-speed trains have become a 13 ______ type of transport in Europe. They 14 ______ it possible to cut travel times by hours. The trains travel at 350 kilometres an hour, and this is not the limit! The only problem for the engineers is the 15 ______ noise the trains produce. People living in the areas the trains travel through suffer from the noise 16 ______ . For the passengers, the situation is different. For their comfort, all the carriages are 17 ______ sound-proof from the inside. Travelling on high-speed trains is comfortable and pleasant. In the future, a high-speed railroad network could 18 ______ most of Europe. For example, a trip from Paris to Rome could take only 3 hours!


11
Задание 16 № 568

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

This happened because the planet 16 ______ very slowly.

 

1) formed

2) selected

3) hottest

4) made

5) protect

6) unfriendly

7) turns

8) technical


Venus

Venus is one of the 13 ______ planets in the Solar system. The temperature on its surface is 482 degrees. This 14 ______ place looks much the same as the Earth 4 billion years ago. Both planets were 15 ______ from the same gas cloud but Venus lost most of its water and atmosphere. This happened because the planet 16 ______ very slowly. As a result, now it has no magnetic field to 17 ______ it from the Sun's winds. The planet has turned into a lifeless desert. Most space modules that were sent to Venus, could not work on the planet more than two hours. The acidic clouds and high pressure quickly 18 ______ them absolutely useless.


12
Задание 16 № 574

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

The special equipment was put on planes that made 16 ______ flights.

 

1) study

2) loud

3) protect

4) regular

5) measure

6) raise

7) predict

8) technical


Studies of the atmosphere

Studies of the atmosphere first received 13 ______ support in 1912. Equipment to 14 ______ temperature and pressure was invented in Germany. But the question was how to 15 ______ it high into the air. In 1921, Russian engineers suggested using planes. The special equipment was put on planes that made 16 ______ flights. Thanks to this, scientists got a lot of new information about the structure of the atmosphere. Nowadays scientists use modern flying laboratories to 17 ______ the structure of clouds at different levels. Unlike the first planes, these laboratories can work in any weather and are able to 18 ______ climate changes.


13
Задание 16 № 581

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

Like camels, wombats drink little water because there is enough water in 16 ______ grass.

 

1) rises

2) first

3) have

4) fresh

5) make

6) unofficial

7) spend

8) look


Wombats

Wombats are exotic animals that only live in Australia. They have become an 13 ______ symbol of the country. In 1974 a wombat appeared on an Australian stamp for the 14 ______ time. Since then it has been regularly used on different Australian stamps and coins. Wombats 15 ______ like little bears and prefer grass to meat. They also love eating berries, plant roots and mushrooms. Like camels, wombats drink little water because there is enough water in 16 ______ grass. Wombats 17 ______ most of their life in holes under the ground. With their strong arms and long nails they are able to dig very long and complex tunnels. Fortunately, wombats 18 ______ few enemies in the animal world. Most wombats live around 15 years.


14
Задание 16 № 586

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

The mass of water 16 ______ from the bottom of the ocean and moves to the shore.

 

1) natural

2) rises

3) translated

4) hit

5) loud

6) spend

7) powerful

8) born


Tsunami

The word ‘tsunami’ can be 13 ______ from Japanese as ‘big wave’. It describes a 14 ______ process that can be dangerous for people and their homes. Most of the huge waves appear after earthquakes. Most waves are 15 ______ in the Indian and the Pacific Oceans where volcanoes are active. The mass of water 16 ______ from the bottom of the ocean and moves to the shore. It moves at the speed of a plane and can be up to 40 meters high. The wave is very 17 ______ and dangerous. In 2004, a tsunami happened in the Indian Ocean. It was one of most terrible natural disasters in history. It 18 ______ 14 countries bordering the Indian Ocean. Thousands of people were killed or went missing.


15
Задание 16 № 593

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

There, tourists can 16 ______ a welcome cup of tea, or soup if the weather is cold.

 

1) selected

2) above

3) feel

4) built

5) get

6) formed

7) enough

8) located


Snowdon

Snowdon is the highest mountain in Wales. It is 13 ______ in a national park. It stands at 1085 metres 14 ______ sea level, and it is often described as the busiest mountain in Great Britain. Snowdon is very popular with tourists. If you are strong and brave 15 ______ to get to the top, you can enjoy wonderful views from there. On a clear day, you can see as far as Ireland! During the summer months there is a café at the top. There, tourists can 16 ______ a welcome cup of tea, or soup if the weather is cold. If you 17 ______ too tired to walk back, you can always take the train down the mountain. The mountain railway was 18 ______ in 1896. It is safe, and there have never been any accidents on this route.


16
Задание 16 № 599

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

If we were able to 16 ______ at the speed of light, it would take a bit less than two seconds.

 

1) thin

2) brightest

3) travel

4) see

5) round

6) take

7) closest

8) cover


The Moon

Most people enjoy watching the night sky. And the 13 ______ object in the sky is the Moon. Every night the Moon rises in the East and sets in the West. It takes about 27 days to go around the Earth, and it’s an interesting fact that we always 14 ______ the same side of the Moon. The Moon is the 15 ______ object to the Earth. It would take us only 13 hours to get to the Moon by rocket. If we were able to 16 ______ at the speed of light, it would take a bit less than two seconds.

There is a very 17 ______ atmosphere on the Moon. Life is not possible there. In spite of this, the Moon can be used as a base for space exploration and even for space tourism. Some space companies say that they will be able to 18 ______ tourists to the Moon as soon as in 2020.


17
Задание 16 № 605

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

It is 16 ______ Challenger Deep and it was discovered in 1875.

 

1) expensive

2) little

3) makes

4) called

5) stretches

6) tasted

7) lowest

8) visit


The oceans

People have always wanted to discover new things and new worlds. We have built spaceships to go to other planets and are planning to 13 ______ other galaxies one day. Meanwhile, we know very 14 ______ about our own planet. The oceans, which cover 70 percent of the planet, are an unknown world to us. The Pacific Ocean is the largest one. The 15 ______ point on the Earth is also there. It is 16 ______ Challenger Deep and it was discovered in 1875. The Pacific Ocean 17 ______ from the Arctic Ocean to the coast of Antarctica. But most of its water is in the warm tropics, which 18 ______ it warm. A lot of fish and animals live in the Pacific Ocean. The place is still waiting for researchers to discover its secrets for us.


18
Задание 16 № 611

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

The thing is that polar bears 16 ______ seals and they need ice to do this.

 

1) serious

2) northern

3) appeared

4) worse

5) recorded

6) tried

7) breaks

8) hunt


The Arctic region

The Arctic Ocean is the smallest ocean of the world. It covers the 13 ______ polar region of the Earth. The Arctic region is a very cold place. The lowest 14 ______ temperature there is minus 68 degrees. In spite of the cold, a lot of animals live on the Arctic ice. The polar bear is one of them. Now, due to global warming, the polar bear is in a 15 ______ trouble. The thing is that polar bears 16 ______ seals and they need ice to do this. The bears wait for seals on the ice, hunt them in the water and go back to the shore. If the ice is too thin, it 17 ______ under the bears’ heavy bodies and they may drown. The situation is getting 18 ______ and some researchers say the ocean may become ice-free as soon as 2050.


19
Задание 16 № 617

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

Many years passed before people 16 ______ how useful these machines could be and started mass producing them.

 

1) realized

2) easier

3) perform

4) wooden

5) was

6) replaced

7) farther

8) mechanical


The first calculator

In 1642 a French student invented the first 13 ______ calculator. He was only 18 and the counting machine was a present for his father. The father worked as a tax collector and the young man wanted to make his job 14 ______.

The talented inventor made several machines but nobody 15 ______ interested. The young man was ahead of his time. Many years passed before people 16 ______ how useful these machines could be and started mass producing them.

Today most mechanical calculators have been 17 ______ with electronic models. These small devices can 18 ______ a lot of mathematical operations. You just need to enter the numbers by pressing the keys and you’ll see the final result on the screen in no time.


20
Задание 16 № 623

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

This happened in 1922. The young man, who was only 18 at that time, didn’t 16 ______ his invention.

 

1) hot

2) across

3) near

4) constructed

5) recognized

6) different

7) patent

8) suitable


Water skiing

One day a young man who lived 13 ______ the lake in a small American town asked himself, “Why can’t people ski on water if they can ski on snow?” With his brother’s help he constructed several models of skis to test his ideas. He 14 ______ on the local lake for a few days and created skis 15 ______ for the water. This happened in 1922. The young man, who was only 18 at that time, didn’t 16 ______ his invention. However, he performed a lot of shows 17 ______ the country that made him and the sport of water skiing popular. Later, he was 18 ______ as the creator of a new sport – water skiing.

Water skiing equipment has been greatly improved since that time, and the number of people who enjoy this sport is growing in many countries.


21
Задание 16 № 629

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13–18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1–8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1–8 лишние.

 

It works from above the atmosphere of the Earth and that is why it 16 ______ fantastically clear photos.

 

1) serious

2) explore

3) fast

4) produces

5) solve

6) low

7) launched

8) lot


The telescope

The telescope is the oldest and probably the most effective tool to 13 ______ space. It has been used by astronomers since the 16th century and it has tremendously changed our knowledge of the universe. Certainly, the telescope itself has changed a 14 ______ since that time too.

The most famous telescope nowadays, the Hubble Telescope, works in space, in 15 ______ Earth orbit. It works from above the atmosphere of the Earth and that is why it 16 ______ fantastically clear photos. The Hubble was 17 ______ into space on 24th April, 1990 from the Space Shuttle Discovery and is still in operation. Scientists say its information could help them to 18 ______ the mystery of the black holes and to understand how they form.


22
Задание 16 № 648

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13—18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1—8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1—8 лишние.

 

A major park 16 ______ was the fountains, the oldest in Russia.

 

1) attraction

2) chapter

3) character

4) discussed

5) enjoyed

6) romantic

7) took

8) traditional


23
Задание 16 № 668

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13—18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1—8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1—8 лишние.

 

The main building of the theater, rebuilt and renovated several times during its 16 ______, is a landmark of Moscow and Russia.

 

1) countries

2) cultural

3) famous

4) history

5) natural

6) traditions

7) world

8) peace


The Bolshoi Theatre

The Bolshoi Theatre is one of the most iconic symbols of Russian culture. It is one of the greatest and most 13 ______ opera and ballet theatres with its own 14 ______ and unforgettable atmosphere. It is one of the 15 ______ treasures of Russia. The main building of the theater, rebuilt and renovated several times during its 16 ______, is a landmark of Moscow and Russia.

By the end of the 19th century the Bolshoi’s opera and ballet productions were influencing the performing arts in Europe. Today the Bolshoi artists successfully perform all over the 17 ______. They establish partnerships with the largest theatres in Italy, France, England and many other 18 ______. Each season the theater introduces from two to four new ballet or opera productions.


24
Задание 16 № 688

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13—18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1—8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1—8 лишние.

 

There are approximately 9 million books in the university library. It also has its own publishing 16 ______.

 

1) art

2) centre

3) easiest

4) free

5) highest

6) largest

7) open

8) science


Moscow State University

Moscow State University is the oldest university in Russia. It was founded in 1755, and it is one of the country’s most prestigious and best universities. It is the 13 ______ university in Russia with 40 faculties and many research centres. It’s a symbol of Russian 14 ______.

The new building, which is located on Vorobyovy Gory near the Moskva River was completed in 1949–1953. The university’s 15 ______ section is 36 floors and 194 metres tall. There are approximately 9 million books in the university library. It also has its own publishing 16 ______. Education at MSU is 17 ______ for many students. The only condition for this is passing entrance exams in addition to getting good results in the Uniform State Exam. The university is 18 ______ to international students too.


25
Задание 16 № 708

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13—18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1—8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1—8 лишние.

 

The museum conducts a wide range of 16 ______ studies in history, archeology, ecology, and nature.

 

1) based

2) built

3) centuries

4) courses

5) historical

6) moved

7) natural

8) scientific


Kizhi Museum

Kizhi is one of the first open-air museums of wooden constructions in Russia. It started functioning in 1951; since then a large number of 13 ______ buildings have appeared on the island. They were 14 ______ here from various parts of Karelia. The museum contains many unique items. Most of them are 17th–19th 15 ______ artifacts. The museum also contains exhibits of the 20th century.

The museum conducts a wide range of 16 ______ studies in history, archeology, ecology, and nature. It is 17 ______ in Kizhi and Petrozavodsk and has an advanced web portal and a web camera on the island. Kizhi museum also publishes the monthly «Kizhi newspaper». In summer, it runs week-long education 18 ______ at the school and university level.


26
Задание 16 № 728

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13—18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1—8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1—8 лишние.

 

It is similar dark blue or blue green. In winter this lake is almost completely covered in ice. By the end of winter the ice is 1 metre thick. Two-thirds of its 1,700 species of plants and animals don’t 16 ______ anywhere else in the world.

 

1) clear

2) colour

3) dark

4) enjoy

5) exist

6) popular

7) see

8) snow


Lake Baikal

Lake Baikal is the world’s oldest and deepest freshwater lake. It is surrounded by rocky mountains, the tops of which are covered with 13 ______. Its water is so 14 ______ that any object can be seen well at the depth of 40 meters. It contains more water than the Great lakes in North America. The 15 ______ of Baikal’s water is close to that of the sea. It is similar dark blue or blue green. In winter this lake is almost completely covered in ice. By the end of winter the ice is 1 metre thick. Two-thirds of its 1,700 species of plants and animals don’t 16 ______ anywhere else in the world.

The Baikal is one of the most beautiful lakes of the planet and one of the few that is still growing. Lake Baikal is a 17 ______ tourist attraction. Millions of people come to 18 ______ their vacations there.


27
Задание 16 № 748

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13—18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1—8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1—8 лишние.

 

It wasn’t always possible to 16 ______ this beauty close.

 

1) enjoy

2) house

3) large

4) place

5) right

6) spend

7) view

8) wrong


Lena Stone Pillars

Lena Pillars is a long chain of steep high rocks which are like columns or pillars. They are located on the 13 ______ bank of the Lena River in Russia. The river serves as a mirror for the pillars. They look twice as 14 ______ and majestic because of the reflection in the water. At sunrise the 15 ______ of the pillars is especially amazing! It wasn’t always possible to 16 ______ this beauty close. In the past the 17 ______ was thought to be sacred. Ordinary people were afraid to come there. It was believed that these rocks were frozen statues of people created by the unknown powers. So, only the elders and shamans had the right to approach these mysterious rocks.

The natural beauty of the place impresses everyone! Many people like to 18 ______ their holidays there.


28
Задание 16 № 768

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13—18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1—8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1—8 лишние.

 

The gardens of Peterhof are 16 ______ with many fountains and man-made canals.

 

1) beautiful

2) became

3) began

4) comes

5) famous

6) keeps

7) museums

8) photos


Peterhof

If you are travelling to St. Petersburg, a visit you can’t miss is to Peterhof. Peterhof is about 30 km from St. Petersburg, and is located next to the Gulf of Finland. This small town was created by order of Peter the Great and is 13 ______ all over the world. It is popular for palaces and gardens that were the residence of the czars until the Revolution of 1917.

In 1918 the Peterhof complex was transformed into a series of 14 ______. During World War II it was occupied and destroyed by German troops. After World War II it 15 ______ its restoration, which still continues.

The gardens of Peterhof are 16 ______ with many fountains and man-made canals. The water there 17 ______ from natural springs. Samson’s fountain is one of the best known in Peterhof. Visitors always take 18 ______ of it.


29
Задание 16 № 788

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13—18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1—8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1—8 лишние.

 

A walk along the banks of the city’s rivers and canals in almost broad daylight any time of day or night is very romantic. One of the traditions of the White Nights is watching the Neva bridges open to let through boat 16 ______.

 

1) becomes

2) begins

3) friendly

4) lasts

5) popular

6) river

7) sky

8) traffic


The White Nights

From late May to early July the nights are bright in St. Petersburg. The brightest period, the White Nights, normally 13 ______ from June 11th to July 2nd. St. Petersburg is а northern city. At this time of year the sun never fully sets, it does not go below the horizon enough for the 14 ______ to grow dark. In fact night 15 ______ like day.

A walk along the banks of the city’s rivers and canals in almost broad daylight any time of day or night is very romantic. One of the traditions of the White Nights is watching the Neva bridges open to let through boat

16 ______. The White Nights season is 17 ______ with tourists. They have more hours to do sightseeing and go shopping as shops stay open late. The atmosphere on the streets of St. Petersburg is very 18 ______.


30
Задание 16 № 808

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13—18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1—8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1—8 лишние.

 

The 16 ______ of the tower often goes with a red double-decker bus in the foreground.

 

1) important

2) gives

3) educational

4) knows

5) looks

6) national

7) picture

8) record


Big Ben

The Houses of Parliament’s clock tower is one of London’s most famous landmarks. It holds the 13 ______ for being the second largest four-faced chiming clock in the world. The name Big Ben is often used to describe the tower, the clock and the bell, but the name was first given to the Great Bell. Nobody really 14 ______ the origin of the name, though there are many theories about it.

The clock tower has become a 15 ______ symbol of the United Kingdom. The 16 ______ of the tower often goes with a red double-decker bus in the foreground. The clock tower 17 ______ fantastic at night when the four clock faces are illuminated. Conservation works on the tower started in 2017 and Big Ben will stay silent until 2021. It will continue to chime though for 18 ______ events such as New Year’s Eve and Remembrance Sunday.


31
Задание 16 № 828

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13—18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1—8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1—8 лишние.

 

In 1872, an act of parliament set aside this part of Hyde Park for public speaking. It has been a 16 ______ site for public speeches and debates since the mid 1800’s.

 

1) covers

2) find

3) gives

4) offers

5) popular

6) regular

7) speak

8) traditional


32
Задание 16 № 848

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13—18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1—8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1—8 лишние.

 

An element can’t be broken down any further. And 16 ______ element has its own personality or characteristic.

 

1) big

2) each

3) greater

4) helps

5) later

6) needs

7) organized

8) small


Important scientific discovery

Four new elements were discovered and added to the periodic table. That’s a 13 ______ deal! The atoms of the elements are so 14 ______ that half a million of them could line up across a single human hair. Atoms are made up of protons, neutrons and electrons. Different atoms have different amounts of them which 15 ______ tell us what kind of element it is. An element can’t be broken down any further. And 16 ______ element has its own personality or characteristic. A Russian scientist named Mendeleev figured all of this out and 17 ______ the elements into a chart — The Periodic Table of Elements. He even knew, in 1869, that there would be more elements discovered. And we’re still adding them nearly 150 years 18 ______! This is the first time in 5 years that any have been added.


33
Задание 16 № 868

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13—18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1—8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1—8 лишние.

 

The meteor broke up into pieces, and smaller pieces hit the ground. About a thousand people got hurt from its 15 ______ — it blasted out windows, doors, and parts of 16 ______ in general.

 

1) buildings

2) depends

3) effects

4) faster

5) happens

6) high

7) huge

8) tiny


A meteor over Russia

A meteor about the size of two buses, and weighing approximately 50 tons, burned up over Chelyabinsk. It was caught on video and it’s incredible to watch! There was a 13 ______ fireball! It travelled 14 ______ than the speed of sound. The meteor broke up into pieces, and smaller pieces hit the ground. About a thousand people got hurt from its 15 ______ — it blasted out windows, doors, and parts of 16 ______ in general. It also set off a lot of car alarms. No crater has been found since it burned up 17 ______ in the sky. And it’s rare that it happened over land. Something like this usually 18 ______ over the oceans, since the oceans cover about 70% of the Earth. It is good, though, it didn’t hit near a big city.


34
Задание 16 № 888

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13—18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1—8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1—8 лишние.

 

The designers 16 ______ on colours and number of flowers to be grown for the year’s festival.

 

1) calendars

2) comes

3) ends

4) final

5) decide

6) main

7) plans

8) tickets


Flower festival

Flower festivals are celebrated all over the world. One of them is the Brussels’ Flower Carpet — a special show that 13 ______ every two years. For five short days a huge carpet of flowers (75 metres by 25 metres) is laid out on the 14 ______ square of Brussels, the Grand Place, in front of the City Hall.

15 ______ are drawn up for the Flower Carpet a year in advance. The designers 16 ______ on colours and number of flowers to be grown for the year’s festival. The Flower Carpet appears on postcards, 17 ______ and images of Brussels for years to come, but only those who visit the city in August are lucky enough to see it in person. The viewing is free, but visitors can buy 18 ______ to get a better panoramic view from the balcony of the City Hall.


35
Задание 16 № 908

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13—18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1—8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1—8 лишние.

 

Arkhangelskoye belonged to the prince Golitsinsky’s 16 ______ until 1809 but in 1810 it was bought by the richest Russian noble the prince Yusupov, who was a collector and patron of art.

 

1) beauty

2) collection

3) culture

4) decorate

5) destroy

6) each

7) family

8) others


The «Arkhangelskoye» estate

The country estate «Arkhangelskoye» is a wonderful monument of Russian 13 ______ from the end of the XVIII to the beginning of the XIX century. It is famous for the magnificent 14 ______ of its garden and park ensemble and its splendid 15 ______ of paintings, drawings, sculptures and pieces of applied art and apart from it the superb store of rare books. Arkhangelskoye belonged to the prince Golitsinsky’s 16 ______ until 1809 but in 1810 it was bought by the richest Russian noble the prince Yusupov, who was a collector and patron of art. It took Yusupov 50 years to build and 17 ______ the ensemble. He invited such well-known architects as Gern, Trombaro, Pettondi, Gonzago, Bove and 18 ______. The first third of the XIX century was the period of golden age for Arkhangelskoye.


36
Задание 16 № 928

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13—18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1—8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1—8 лишние.

 

You will 15 ______ a walking tour in the very centre of St.-Petersburg for the opportunity to explore each 16 ______ place.

 

1) beauty

2) enjoy

3) information

4) popular

5) see

6) sight

7) such

8) transport


Welcome to Saint Petersburg

The centre of St.-Petersburg, like all cities with rich history, is best seen by walking from one 13 ______ to another. If you’re not afraid of long walking tours, you’ll love 14 ______ a way of exploring this Venice of the North in Russia. You will 15 ______ a walking tour in the very centre of St.-Petersburg for the opportunity to explore each 16 ______ place. Just in case you’re not willing to wander around St.-Petersburg, there is a good alternative to it — an excursion tour in a private car or a mini bus or any other 17 ______. A professional driver and a guide will show you all the main tourist attractions of the city, providing you with the latest and most interesting 18 ______ about them, which can give you a chance to choose a few of them to explore more thoroughly later on.


37
Задание 16 № 948

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13—18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1—8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1—8 лишние.

 

It has sent back more than a million 16 ______.

 

1) actions

2) big

3) pictures

4) red

5) rocket

6) scientist

7) space

8) view


An Eye in the Sky

More than 400 years ago, Galileo Galilei built a telescope. He was an Italian 13 ______. He used the telescope to study space. Since then, scientists have used telescopes to make 14 ______ discoveries. The Hubble Space Telescope was sent to 15 ______ in 1990. It has sent back more than a million 16 ______. Soon, a new telescope will take over for Hubble. It is the James Webb Space Telescope. It is also called JWST, and Webb. In 2018, a 17 ______ will take JWST into space. The new telescope will explore farther into space than Hubble. It will travel a million miles from Earth. This will give scientists a better 18 ______ of the universe. «Hubble rewrote astronomy textbooks,» Maggie Masetti told TFK. She works on the Webb project. «Webb is going to do the same thing.»


38
Задание 16 № 968

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13—18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1—8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1—8 лишние.

 

They say it will keep people safe. Others are 16 ______ it.

 

1) across

2) against

3) crossing

4) important

5) people

6) policemen

7) phones

8) walking


Texting Outlawed

Texting while driving is illegal in 47 states of the USA. But what about texting while 13 ______? A law was recently passed in Honolulu, Hawaii. The law makes it illegal to text or look down at a device while 14 ______ the street. It is the first major U.S. city with a law like this. Some 15 ______ are in favour of the law. They say it will keep people safe. Others are 16 ______ it. Should more places adopt such a law? Sally Eun Bine Park from Paju, South Korea, says: «What’s more 17 ______, texting or safety? Looking at your phone while walking is not safe. You might not see a car coming. We call people who look at their 18 ______ while walking «smartphone zombies.» This law will help keep people alive! And we will see fewer zombies on the street».


39
Задание 16 № 988

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 13—18 словами, напечатанными в правой колонке под цифрами 1—8. Каждое из этих слов может быть использовано только один раз. В ответе укажите цифры, под которыми значатся выбранные Вами слова. Два слова в этом списке 1—8 лишние.

 

Then the bull plots a 16 ______ to his home.

 

1) afraid

2) home

3) interest

4) movie

5) name

6) return

7) spoiled

8) trouble


Beyond Appearances

The Story of Ferdinand is a popular kids’ book. It was published more than 80 years ago. Now it is also an animated 13 ______. Ferdinand hit the big screen on December 15. The movie is part comedy, part drama. It tells the story of a kind and gentle Spanish bull. His 14 ______ is Ferdinand. Because of his size, people think Ferdinand is a beast. So he is taken from his 15 ______ and made to fight. Then the bull plots a 16 ______ to his home. Ferdinand is voiced by John Cena. He is an actor and a professional wrestler. «A lot of people think I want to cause 17 ______,» Cena told TFK Kid Reporter Gabrielle Hurd. Above all, the movie delivers an important message. «Never be 18 ______ to be who you are,» Cena says. «That’s what makes you special.»


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